The bursitis is an inflammation of the heel, which in most cases is also characterized by severe pain. Depending on the localization there are various types of this medical problem. The Achilles tendon bursitis or retrocalcaneobursitis is the most widely spread variant of the disease. It’s mainly accompanied by pain, swelling, reddening, and the limited excursion of your ankle.
This problem occurs as a result of wearing improper shoes, a wound debrided too late, or even excessive exercises. Now let us look in detail at the phenomenon which causes so much discomfort.
Reasons of the Heel Bursitis
So what are the main reasons of heel bursitis and the ways to get rid of this problem? There are two main causes of this disease. So, the first reason is the infection. Bursitis may occur as the result of the bruises, cuts, and even minor abrasion. Pathogenic germs easily penetrate the scratch. Sometimes erysipelatous inflammation or an infection caused by the furunculus can penetrate through the lymphatic system. The second reason of the bursitis of the heel the mechanical one. In this case, the disease may be provoked by wearing of the improper shoes. Women mostly face the problem of the bursitis of Achilles tendon because of too high heels. The thing is that the synovial bursa can become deformed if your foot is in an unusual position. This causes the inflammation. So you should be very careful with your shoes. Make sure they are of a high quality and comfortable. In this case, you don’t have top worry about the heel bursitis.
Heel Bursitis Symptoms and Signs
What are the signs and symptoms of the heel bursitis? Naturally, the disease starts as an ordinary swelling. Later you experience a variety of unpleasant sensations. Your skin begins to redden and you even have a fever. The inflammatory process begins which reveals itself with a sharp pain in the heel. The pain may aggravate while walking, running, or pressing the affected region. But these symptoms can be attributed to the acute type of the disease that is typical of the athletes. This form is the most dangerous because the germs can get into the inflamed area. If they do, you cannot avoid a purulent process. If this process reaches the joint cavity, your disease may be considered as advanced.
The situation is a little different in respect to traumatic bursitis. A liquid appears in the deformed bursa. Typically, this is plasma and blood. If the reverse process occurred, you cannot avoid such phenomena as thickening, proliferation, and even the formation of additional paries. You will definitely see that something is wrong. In this case, you need to see the doctor as soon as possible. If a teenager suffers from bursitis, it is more than simply the sense of discomfort. There may be the disease reoccurrence. Therefore, if there is any inflammation, discomfort and even sharp pain, you should consult a doctor. The bursitis of the heel and Achilles tendon bursitis are quite dangerous types of the disease.
Heel Bursitis Diagnosis
How do they diagnose the heel bursitis? The first step is the clinical examination, which implies palpation. This is done by pressing or moving the foot. In order to assess the inflammation, it is necessary to see whether there is redness, pain, swelling, as well as a violation of some functions.
If the situation is quite serious, then the X-ray examination is necessary. Finally, it is necessary to examine the fluid in the synovial bursa. Thus, it is possible to exclude rheumatism. Due to this procedure it is easier to assign the drug therapy. The heel bursitis is quite an unpleasant phenomenon, but if you treat it in time you will soon easily get rid of the discomfort.
Heel Bursitis Treatment
What heel bursitis and Achilles bursitis treatment is effective? What should you prefer? First of all, you need to avoid moving the joint. You can do that with a cast or a tight bandage. You should keep your foot like this for 10 days. But it is recommended to carefully bend and unbend the joint but no more than twice a day. The antibiotics are very helpful in case of an infection. When it comes to the acute stage, you may put ice to the inflamed area for about 10 minutes as the pain relief. This will reduce the temperature. Sometimes it is necessary to put a hot water bottle instead of the ice or a warming ointment. It is recommended to alternate the hot and cold applications.
In particularly serious cases, special hormones are used for the treatment of the disease. But to see the vivid effect it is necessary to take the antibiotics as well. The doctors often prescribe the physical therapy to cure the joints too.
When we talk about the non-communicable diseases, ordinary painkillers, resolvent drugs, and medicated patches may be used for the treatment. In some cases, the mucosa of the bursa is needled to get the liquid out. When the purulent process occurs, it is necessary to perform a surgery in order to avoid some serious consequences. Finally, sometimes the calcium accretions are to be removed because of chronic bursitis. The bursitis of the heel is quite a serious phenomenon, which may reoccur.
Traditional Remedies for the Heel Bursitis
First of all, you have to remember that in some cases you cannot use the traditional remedies alone for the heel and Achilles bursitis treatment. Nevertheless, you may try to solve the problem using the traditional remedies as well. So, the first thing is to bathe the heel in hot water. Then you may use an application with pork fat. You will only see the result if you carry out these procedures on a daily basis. You should repeat the procedures for 14 days.
You may as well apply ice to sooth your pain. In order to warm your foot up, it is enough to apply a hot-water bottle. In addition, you should choose special orthopedic shoes for heel bursitis. In general, it is not advisable to use the traditional medicine for the treatment of your problem. First of all, you should visit a doctor because in fact the situation may be quite serious.
Prevention of Heel Bursitis
How can you avoid the problem of the heel bursitis? If you follow the preventive measures, there will be no problem. First of all, you should avoid the overfatigue of your joints and muscles. Therefore, while performing your physical exercise, remember to have a rest. Moreover, the athletes and people in their forties must be aware of the Achilles tendonitis as one of the problems with the heel tendon. If you cannot avoid the overloads completely, don’t forget to apply the safety products like the elastic bandage. In addition, pay attention at your shoes. You may use a heel pad for additional comfort.
In addition, it is recommended to systematically do foot massage and special exercises. If you got an injury or wound, it should be immediately treated because the infection is the most common reason of bursitis. If you have treated the wound but swelling and reddening appeared, you should immediately visit a doctor.
Unfortunately, even after a professional treatment the disease may reoccur. Therefore, it is necessary to follow the doctor’s prescriptions and, what is more, to pay great attention at your shoes. Do not forget to let your muscles and joints have a rest. If you follow all the recommendations of your doctor, the heel bursitis will not be a serious problem if treated properly and in time.