Arthritis is an inflammatory process that may affect various joints all over your body. Arthritis is a disease of various origins and it may happen to both humans and animals. As the result of arthritis inflammation, the joint gets swollen. You feel pain when you touch the affected area and it feels that the temperature of that spot is high. One of the most serious signs of arthritis is the limited excursion of the affected joint.
What is Inflammatory Arthritis?
Taking into consideration the basic type of the damage caused by arthritis, the disease is divided into two classes. Such classification includes inflammatory arthritis and degenerative arthritis. The disease may be of an acute form. That is when you feel constant sharp and strong pain in the joint. It takes quite a lot of time for a chronic form of arthritis to develop. You may occasionally feel the disease. The patient feels pain only when the joint moves.
Inflammatory arthritis is a medical notion which embraces the diseases including joint inflammation. Among the types of inflammatory arthritis doctors name rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and some other types.
The types we mentioned above are connected with inflammation of the synovial membrane. It means that these types damage the thin layer of connective tissue that is located inside of the joint.
Degenerative arthritis includes osteoarthritis and traumatic arthritis. These diseases are connected with damage of the articular cartilage that covers the ends of bones at their joints.
What Causes Inflammatory Arthritis?
Various autoimmune diseases become the basis for numerous inflammatory forms of arthritis. A healthy immune system protects the body. It creates an internal inflammatory process to get rid of the disease and prevent it. However, sometimes the immune system fails to work right and mistakenly attacks the uncontrolled inflammation of the joints. Such a failure may potentially lead to the erosion of the joint and can also damage the internal organs, eyes and other parts of the body. Rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis are the examples of inflammatory arthritis. The researchers believe that a combination of bad heredity and negative influence of the environment can cause autoimmune diseases. For example, smoking is an environmental factor that can trigger rheumatoid arthritis in people with certain hereditary.
Is inflammatory arthritis the same as rheumatoid arthritis? This is a popular question among the patients. Many people do not quite differentiate the types of the disease. As a very dangerous type of inflammatory arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that affects the joints, blood vessels, and internal organs. To diagnose the disease, the blood is tested for rheumatoid factor. If such a factor is detected in blood, and arthritis is as well diagnosed by other symptoms, the disease is called seropositive rheumatoid arthritis. If the rheumatoid factor is not detected but diagnose is still rheumatoid arthritis, this type of the disease is called seronegative inflammatory arthritis or seronegative rheumatoid arthritis. This type makes 20% of people who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis. This type of arthritis is one of the most complex and mysterious diseases of the joints since science is still partially unaware of its causes. In general, arthritis is considered to be the disease of the elderly people. Unfortunately, both elderly and young people suffer from rheumatoid arthritis.
Inflammatory Arthritis Symptoms
Main inflammatory arthritis symptoms include swelling of the affected joint, painful feelings, tenderness and warmth in the joints. These symptoms among others include as well morning stiffness which usually lasts for more than an hour.
The thing is that the majority of arthritis inflammatory forms are of a systemic nature (this means they affect your whole body). Other symptoms connected to inflammation may appear in other parts of your body. Subject to the specific form of arthritis, the signs of the disease may include hair loss, skin rashes, fever, dry mouth, and eye inflammation.
Inflammatory Arthritis Treatment
Early diagnosis and active treatment are extremely important in the case of the inflammatory type of arthritis. Reducing the disease activity can help to minimize or even avoid the damage of the joints. You can achieve remission using one or several antiarthritic agents. The treatment is aimed at reduction of pain, restoring joint mobility, and prevention of further joint damage.
Inflammatory arthritis treatment depends on every single case of the disease. The doctors take into consideration the symptoms and the severity of the case. At the same time, several types of medications are used for different forms of inflammatory arthritis. These drugs include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. They are prescribed as a pain relief. They are used as well to reduce arthritis inflammation. The other type of medication is the disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs as well as biologic agents that may reduce of even stop the disease progression and joints damage. Сorticosteroids are used less frequently. Their aim is to quickly stop inflammation which threatens the joints or even the whole organ.
Treatment of such a disease under no circumstances is a case for self-medication. Only a highly qualified specialist will provide the necessary examination and prescribe the drugs for every single case of inflammatory arthritis.
Inflammatory Arthritis and Lifestyle
People who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis should make all the necessary changes in their lifestyle in order to keep their health.
First of all, the patients should abandon bad habits like alcohol, smoking, and drinking too much coffee. Special anti inflammatory diet means the refusal of products like pork, citrus fruits, peppers, potatoes, eggplant, tomatoes, corn grits, rye millet, and oats. And your anti inflammatory foods must include dairy products and those rich in carotenoids: coriander, carrots, apricots, watermelons, plums, and papaya. Eating less sugar is also beneficial. Balanced nutrition is very important if you decided to stay healthy and avoid such things as arthritis.
Moreover, try to overload your joints less. Weight loss is highly recommended for the people with excess weight. Try special physiotherapy and therapeutic exercises to ease your movements.
Early diagnosis of the disease and early treatment within 3 months from the first symptoms appearance allow patients to prevent the development of the disease. Therefore, when you feel pain for the first time or experience prolonged morning stiffness, it is highly recommended to consult a doctor.
You have to be very conscious about the problem of inflammation arthritis. Be persistent and organised in order to fight the disease. Such self-management implies understanding and following the advice given by the doctors and following all their prescriptions. Self-management also means you have to make important lifestyle decisions and everyday choices to stay healthy.