Posttraumatic arthritis is a joint disease that occurs as a result of numerous injuries. It’s a serious disease that usually affects the large joints. The appearance of the disease is associated with multiple mechanical damages of the joint capsule and articular cartilage. This disease is of a progressive nature. As time goes, you will feel more and more pain and that will cause a limited excursion and defective operation of the affected area. As a result of the disease some degenerative changes may occur in the joints.
Post traumatic arthritis is the process of gradual organism infection. At first it affects the joints where it causes chronic synovitis which eventually leads to a serious disease. It’s an attack-like disease and it is not dangerous for the others. It affects first the major and middle phalanges of your hand and your foot, and then it gets to your knee and your elbow, and then your shoulder and hip gets affected. Wrist pain may also be a sign of the disease.
What Is Arthritis
Depending on the nature of affecting there is inflammatory arthritis and degenerative arthritis. Post traumatic arthritis is a subtype of degenerative arthritis. Typically arthritis caused by the degradation of joint tissues affects the elderly men and women. At the same time mostly young people suffer from posttraumatic arthritis. First of all, the disease is triggered by hyperactive lifestyle of the young people, the consequences of which we can often see in the various joint injuries. Posttraumatic ankle arthritis, elbow joint arthritis and knee arthritis are the most common cases of the disease. It may happen that a trauma you believed to be unimportant and minor may result in the disease.
In more serious cases it is difficult to move your limb right after the area had been injured. The person feels pain immediately. If there is a microtrauma, these symptoms occur gradually. It is very important to treat the injured area properly and in time. If the doctor prescribes the necessary medicine, you may avoid serious consequences.
The main causes of post-traumatic arthritis are closed injuries, maim, and sprains.
Signs and Symptoms of the Disease
In general the symptoms of post traumatic arthritis are similar to the classic manifestations of any kind of arthritis. The following signs may be the reason to visit the doctor:
- swelling of the joints;
- joint ache;
- limited excursion of the affected area;
- pain syndrome.
Quite often after the trauma a complication of the inflammatory process can occur. This complication causes fever and leucocytosis. You have to be very careful if you faced leucocytosis because it can be mistakenly treated as an infectious disease.
Depending on how fast the symptoms appear we may understand the character of the course of post-traumatic arthritis. If the signs we mentioned above appear immediately after the injury, it may indicate the acute form of disease which requires immediate intervention of the appropriately qualified specialists.
Prevention of the Disease
If you suffered an injury and you believe it to be a minor one, it is still necessary to visit the traumatologist. Your doctor will tell you what remedies are to be taken in the first place to enhance tissue growth, reduce inflammation and restore the damaged vessels.
If you feel numbness in the affected limb, you should undergo the procedures that the doctor prescribes to find out the condition of the nerves and blood vessels.
Be very careful because post traumatic arthrosis of the knee joint is very dangerous. If you fail to provide the necessary help in time, you may eventually have great problems while moving.
Post-Traumatic Arthritis Treatment
Treatment of chronic type of the disease has some difficulties. The initial stage of the disease can be symptom-free. Often the patients get to know about the disease after the years of its progress when they start feeling pain and notice changes in the affected area. Therefore, in order to avoid such situations in the event of even a minor injury it is necessary to visit a qualified traumatologist or orthopaedic physician. The examination will help to see the post traumatic arthritis at an early stage and carry out the most painless and effective treatment. Remember that post traumatic degenerative arthritis is not a sentence for the elderly people who face this problem the most frequently. This type of the disease may be treated quite successfully if treated in time.
Arthritis Conservative Prevention
In the process of post-traumatic arthritis treatment the prescriptions are aimed at making the amphiarthrosis move and removing the results of the haemorrhage. To speed up the healing process of the damaged joint the medicine for pain relief and antiedematous drugs are appointed along with other remedies.
In case there are no extra-articular damages, the conservative arthritis prevention usually includes:
- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
- acetylsalicylic acid, or aspirin in other words.
When a patient suffers from significant joint pain and when there is no other way for stopping the disease, corticosteroid hormones are to be prescribed.
In addition to drugs the treatment of post-traumatic arthritis involves therapeutic exercises, massage, and physiotherapeutic procedures.
The doctors prescribe the procedures mentioned above at the early stages of the disease. Unfortunately, medicinal treatment cannot eliminate the disease completely. Surgery is considered to be the main treatment in this case.
All the herbal infusions and ointments have a positive effect on the joint only at the early stage of post traumatic arthritis. They can become a pain relief and remove the swelling. But these remedies definitely will not cure the disease. Therefore, the traditional remedies are only good as an addition to the main treatment of the medical problem.
Post-traumatic arthritis is a very unpleasant disease, but it still may be treated. In the process of treatment it is crucial to follow all the prescriptions of your doctor. Self-medication is not an option because the drugs are to be prescribed by an educated specialist. It is important to systematically follow all instructions of the treating specialist. Following the prescriptions will help to restore the health of the joints, but remember to keep them from various injuries and traumas in the future.