What causes arthritis? Arthritis is a name for a disease that affects joints and is usually accompanied by joint pain. Arthritis can be reactive, inflammatory, juvenile, psoriatic, etc. Each type of arthritis is provoked by different causes.
Among main causes of arthritis are:
- immune disorders;
- diseases of the nervous system;
- metabolic disorders;
- environmental conditions.
The most common cause of joint inflammation is infection. Various kinds of infection can lead to arthritis. When harmful bacteria, virus or fungus penetrates a human body, a special defense mechanism, which is called immunity, gets set into action. The immune system begins to produce immune complexes that are able to destroy the dangerous agents. However, if the immunity of a person is disordered, it produces too many defensive agents and some time later they begin to destroy not only the harmful bacteria, but also the useful ones, as well as to attack your joints. That is how you can develop infectious or septic arthritis.
Traumatic arthritis arises and develops mainly after injury that involved joints damage or it can be caused by constant and excessive loads on your joints. Trauma can greatly contribute to the development or aggravation of arthritis, if you already have inflammatory arthritis. Permanent microtrauma of your joints leads to the development of professional arthritis. Mechanical factors play an important role in degenerative processes in your joints, as they can also be among the reasons for arthritis.
Scientists have established a certain distribution of arthritis in people of different professions. For example, tailors, hairdressers and massage therapists have predominantly arthritis in fingers or in hands. Workers who must do physically hard labor develop arthritis of the spine or back. Sportspeople develop arthritis in knees. Obesity is also one of the risk factors for arthritis, because excessive weight brings an increased load on your joints. Disorders due to congenital hip dislocation, intraarticular or periarticular fractures, chronic inflammatory processes cause permanent injury that leads to the development of arthritis.
Warning Signs of Arthritis
It may seem surprising, but disorders of the nervous system can be among arthritis causes. Many patients with arthritis have signs of bone nourishment and vascular tone disorders and symmetry of joint damage, which indicates that nervous system is also involved in these processes.
Changes in reactivity of your organism, leading to allergies and autoallergies, triggers the development of many inflammatory diseases of your joints, especially of nonspecific polyarthritis. There are other infectious arthritis of allergic form such as tuberculosis, gonorrheal and dysentery arthritis.
A disturbance in the functioning of endocrine glands can also cause the so-called endocrine arthritis. This is confirmed by the appearance of rheumatoid or degenerative arthritis in women during menopause, hormonal changes in their bodies and during fading of reproductive function of their ovaries.
The reason for most widespread type of arthritis, which is known as osteoarthritis, is excessive physical exercise, which may be connected with work, doing too much sport, being overweight, joint injury or genetic predisposition. As a result of constant impact of these factors cartilaginous tissue ages and gradually destroys.
Gouty arthritis develops as a result of genetic predisposition, obesity, and wrong diet: eating large amounts of protein, drinking alcohol and consuming fatty foods.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. Harmful changes in the immune mechanisms of the body of patients can become a cause of rheumatoid arthritis. The first symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis can be noticed after viral infections, stress or excessive physical activity.
Prevention of Arthritis
Prevention of arthritis should be aimed at eliminating the causes of the disease. For prevention of infectious arthritis you should avoid contact with biological poisons of insect bites. The main thing is not let them penetrate into the joint cavity. Use special creams and lotions while you are on vacation.
You can avoid traumatic arthritis only by avoiding injuries. Risk groups in this respect are children, athletes and common laborers.
For prevention of osteoarthritis you should optimize the physical load on your body, in accordance with gender and age norms. Excessive exercise can cause arthritis.
People with a genetic predisposition to gout should remember that a diet with high levels of sugar contributes to the development of this disease. Such people should be moderate in what they eat and especially in drinking alcohol. Uric acid that actually causes the disease is actively produced when you eat red meat, shellfish, crabs and legumes.
You should strengthen your body regularly and boost your immune system to prevent rheumatoid arthritis, which develops as a result of a failure in your immune system.
Reactive arthritis develops as a complication of another disease, for instance angina, pneumonia, etc. Therefore, you should promptly treat primary pathology, observe the instructions of the physician, take prescribed drugs and be attentive to your health.